Recently, while debating a respected colleague regarding a shift in practice towards treatment X, despite a lack of evidence showing its superiority, my colleague said: “But we know that practice always runs ahead of the evidence”. He was implying that the evidence would one day catch up and justify the practice. I wondered if medical practice really was running ahead of the evidence, or whether it was running away from it.
When clinical practice does run away from the evidence, we tend to spend our time gathering evidence to support the current practice, instead of using an objective evaluation of the current evidence to inform future practice. This is known as putting the cart before the horse. It is also known as Confirmation Bias.